Cellular senescence is the process of programmed biological aging that occurs in all living organisms. The speed of this process can be influenced by several factors, including genes and hormones. Understanding how genes and hormones interact to speed up or slow down cellular senescence can help identify efficient anti-aging therapies…. Read More »

While stress responses are adaptive in the short term, chronic stress can lead to dysregulation of these systems, contributing to various health issues, including cardiovascular diseases. The interconnectedness of hormonal and vasoactive pathways underscores the complexity of the body’s response to stress and the importance of maintaining a balance for overall well-being… Read More »

Smoking can have profound effects on various physiological systems, including the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and cortisol production, which can impact stress responses and overall health… Read More »

While smoking may temporarily alleviate constipation or promote bowel movements, it also has numerous detrimental effects on overall digestive health and increases the risk of gastrointestinal disorders, including colorectal cancer. Therefore, any perceived benefits of smoking on bowel movements should be weighed against the significant health risks associated with tobacco use… Read More »

In smokers, the production of nitric oxide (NO) can be influenced by various components present in cigarette smoke. It’s important to note that while NO is endogenously produced in the body and plays a role in vasodilation, the components of cigarette smoke can have complex and sometimes contradictory effects on NO synthesis…. Read More »

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