Fructose malabsorption can disrupt the balance of gut microbiota, leading to dysbiosis characterized by changes in the composition and function of gut bacteria. Dysbiosis may involve an overgrowth of certain bacteria capable of fermenting fructose, as well as a reduction in beneficial bacteria that help maintain gut health…. Read More »


Fructose intolerance can exacerbate symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) in susceptible individuals, particularly women. The fermentation of undigested fructose by colonic bacteria produces gas and short-chain fatty acids, contributing to abdominal distension, pain, and altered bowel habits characteristic of IBS…. Read More »


Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome (HUS) is a disorder characterized by hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury. The syndrome often follows Shiga toxin-producing bacterial infections, such as Shigella (Shigellosis, bacillary dysentery, Marlow syndrome, шигеллез, Бактериальная дизентерия)…. Read More »


Shigellosis Overview

Shigella infection is an intestinal infectious disease caused by bacterium shigella, it is characterized by a bloody diarrhea, fever, and stomach cramps starting a day or two after contamination, in most cases Shigellosis usually resolves within 5 to 7 days…. Read More »


For a comprehensive evaluation of the gall bladder, liver, pancreas, and the entire GI tract, contrast CT proves to be a versatile and powerful imaging modality. However, for specific upper GI concerns, a barium swallow X-ray remains a valuable tool in the diagnostic arsenal…. Read More »


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