Vaccination is a critical public health intervention that helps prevent the spread of infectious diseases and protect both individuals and communities. By prompting immunization across populations, vaccines significantly reduce the incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases, resulting in fewer cases of illness, disability, and death. This not only improves individual health but also contributes to the overall well-being of society by reducing healthcare costs and increasing productivity…. Read More »


Risk of Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn (HDN) when an Rh-negative mother carries an Rh-positive fetus When an Rh-negative mother carries an Rh-positive fetus, there is a risk of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) because the mother’s immune system may produce antibodies against the Rh antigen in the fetal blood, leading to the destruction…… Read More »


Distichiasis is a condition characterized by the abnormal growth of extra eyelashes, which can lead to ocular irritation and damage to the cornea and conjunctiva of the eye, leading to a variety of symptoms. Diagnosis involves a thorough eye examination, and treatment options range from conservative measures to surgical intervention, depending on the severity of the condition… Read More »


Abstract Distichiasis is believed to have a genetic basis, with mutations in genes such as FOXC2 and SOX18 potentially playing a role in its pathogenesis. The condition can manifest at any age and affects individuals of all genders and ethnic backgrounds. Further research is warranted to elucidate the precise genetic mechanisms underlying distichiasis and its…… Read More »


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