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Contraception: Types, Selection, and Affordability

1. Definition of Contraception:

  • Contraception refers to deliberate measures taken to prevent pregnancy by interfering with the process of conception. These measures aim to inhibit the fusion of sperm and egg or prevent the implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus.

2. Different Types of Contraceptives:

  • Contraceptives can be broadly categorized into barrier methods, hormonal methods, intrauterine devices (IUDs), sterilization, and natural methods.

3. Contraceptive Types Exclusive for Women:

  • Methods exclusive to women include hormonal contraceptives (pills, patches, injections), intrauterine devices (IUDs), and permanent methods like tubal ligation.

4. Common Three Contraceptive Types:

  • a. Oral Contraceptives (Birth Control Pills):
    • Hormonal pills containing estrogen and progestin.
  • b. Condoms:
    • Barrier method preventing sperm from reaching the egg.
  • c. Intrauterine Devices (IUDs):
    • T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus, available as hormonal or non-hormonal.

5. How to Select the Best Contraceptive:

  • The selection depends on factors like health, lifestyle, preference, and effectiveness.
  • Consultation with a healthcare provider is essential to choose the most suitable method.

6. Cheapest Contraceptive Methods:

  • Affordability varies by region and accessibility. In some countries, government-sponsored programs or clinics provide low-cost or free contraceptives.
  • Condoms are often cost-effective and widely available.

7. Cheapest IUD:

  • The cost of IUDs varies globally. In some places, healthcare systems or organizations may offer IUDs at reduced prices.
  • Copper IUDs are generally more cost-effective than hormonal IUDs.

8. Safest IUD:

  • Both hormonal and copper IUDs are considered safe when used according to guidelines.
  • Safety considerations include individual health factors and potential side effects.

9. Choosing the Right IUD:

  • Selection involves considering factors like hormonal preferences, medical history, and desired duration of contraception.
  • Consultation with a healthcare provider helps in making an informed decision.

Note: Availability, affordability, and safety of contraceptives can vary widely. Local healthcare professionals and family planning services provide personalized guidance based on individual circumstances and needs


Verified by: Dr.Diab (December 19, 2023)

Citation: Dr.Diab. (December 19, 2023). What are the different types of contraceptives. Medcoi Journal of Medicine, 3(2). urn:medcoi:article22465.

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